The National Assessment Program conducted by MCEETYA has gathered information from these different tests in order to monitor student progress over time.

The data from these test results gives schools and systems the ability to compare their students’ achievements with national benchmarks and with student achievement in other States and Territories.

The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) commenced in Australian schools in 2008. All students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are assessed annually using common national tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions (Spelling and Grammar), and Numeracy.

Questions are either multiple-choice or require a short written response. The Writing task requires students to write a persuasive text (letter/exposition).

NAPLAN results are reported using five scales, measuring student achievement from Year 3 through to Year 9. These reporting scales apply to each of the Years 3, 5, 7, and 9 and are accompanied by descriptions of the skills and understandings typical of students at various proficiency levels along each scale.

The NAPLAN scales are constructed so that any given score will represent the same level of achievement within a domain over time.

The use of common scale that spans Years 3, 5, 7, 9 allows both the status of, and growth in, student to be monitored and reported across the years of schooling from Year 3 to Year

The reporting scales are divided into 10 bands to cover the full range of student achievement observed in the tests, mapping the increasing complexity of the skills assessed by NAPLAN.

Six of these bands are utilised for reporting student performance at each year level:

Year 3 reports show Bands 1 to 6

Year 5 reports show Bands 3 to 8

Year 7 reports show Bands 4 to 9

Year 9 reports show Bands 5 to 10

For each year level and for each domain in literacy and numeracy the National Minimum standard is defined and located on the common underlying scale:

Year 3 – Band 2

Year 5 – Band 4

Year 7 – Band 5

Year 9 – Band 6

Home environment- study room

Homework practice


Excel Revise in a Month’-NAPLAN

Test materials from past years, sample questions and a sample Writing task can be accessed on the NAPLAN website:

Parents and carers can best assist students by making them feel comfortable about the nature and purpose of the tests. Their children can be assured that the assessments will give them an opportunity to show what they have learned in class.

Key factors to be highlighted by parents

  • Motivation
  • Encouragement
  • Easing Pressure
  • Importance of NAPLAN results to shape future teaching (Analysing Data)
  • Help by older sibling(s) or other adult(s)
  • Pleasant language

How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions

Persuasive Writing Structure


Persuasive Writing Criteria

The ten criterias are:
1AudienceThe writer’s capacity to orient, engage and persuade the reader
2Text structureThe organisation of the structural components of a persuasive text (introduction, body and conclusion) into an appropriate and effective text structure
3IdeasThe selection, relevance and elaboration of ideas for a persuasive argument
4Persuasive devicesThe use of a range of persuasive devices to enhance the writer’s position and persuade the reader
5VocabularyThe range and precision of contextually appropriate language choices
6Cohesion The control of multiple threads and relationships across the text, achieved through the use of referring words, ellipsis, text connectives, substitutions and word associations
7ParagraphingThe segmenting of text into paragraphs that assists the reader to follow the line of argument
8Sentence structureThe production of grammatically correct, structurally sound and meaningful sentences
9PunctuationThe use of correct and appropriate punctuation to aid the reading of the text
10SpellingThe accuracy of spelling and the difficulty of the words used

Numeracy Sub-Categories